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importance of mangroves kathiresan

Mangroves Environment ... Bringham and Kathiresan, 2001; Selvam et al., 2004). Mangrove forests are one among the most productive ecosystems, lying between the land and sea in the tropical and sub-tropical latitudes (Kathiresan and Bingham 2001, Kathiresan 2002). In other parts of the world, people have utilized mangrove trees as a renewable resource. A wide range of marine species are found in mangroves such as crabs, crocodile and different types of fish. In Maldives, a total number of 13 true mangrove species are present and fact sheet for each of these species is given in this book. Mangroves play a critical role in our social, economic, and ecological resources, but there are gaps in our understanding of carbon accounting and management. Mangrove resources are promising for bioprospecting due to their biodiversity richness, structurally new chemicals to overcome harsh coastal conditions, and valuable genes for tolerating wind, salinity, and flood (Kathiresan et al., 2006b, Kathiresan and Ravikumar, 2010, Kathiresan, 2012, Kathiresan, 2015). Populations are often dense and species diversity can be high (eighteen species occur in the Pichavaram mangroves of south India alone; Thangam and Kathiresan, 1993b). Predation by fishes may reduce successful mosquito oviposition. Mangroves are utilized in many parts of the world as a renewable resource. Mangroves forest has an area of about 15 million hectares worldwide. Mangrove forests provide long-lasting or temporary habitats for lots of marine and terrestrial species. Mangrove forests are a national conservation priority in several countries, with ambitious protection targets announced in countries such as Sri Lanka 5 and Indonesia 6. Abstract A study conducted after the 26th of December 2004 tsunami in 18 coastal hamlets along the south-east coast of India reiterates the importance of coastal mangrove vegetations and location characteristics of human inhabitation to protect lives and wealth from the fury of tsunami. Mangroves are important ecosystems for wildlife & human livelihoods, provide coastal protection from strong storms, and… This is why we use field and aerial observations to study mangroves. Harvested for durable, water-resistant wood, mangroves have been used in building houses, boats, pilings, and furniture. About 80% of fish catch is depended on the mangrove forest (Sandilyan and Kathiresan, 2012 ... the important services of mangroves are indirect, invisible, occur off-site, etc. According to Kathiresan (2011), mangrove forests have the functions as follows: 1. Public and stakeholder awareness of both the beauty and importance of mangroves has in many places moved on from such misperceptions. Although they amount to only 1% of the total area of tropical forest, they are highly productive. mangrove habitats and may act as vectors for diseases of vertebrates. What are mangroves? 3 Importance of Mangrove in the Philippines ... (Kathiresan and Bingham 2001). Mangroves are plant species that are adapted to grow in tropical coastal zones (Kathiresan and Bingham 2001). Hence, mosquito populations are lower in

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