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oscar peterson biography

This quartet toured and recorded extensively worldwide. Read Full Biography… Peterson was recorded in 1950 on a series of duets with either Ray Brown or Major Holley on bass; his version of "Tenderly" became a hit. In 1949 Peterson went to the United States, where he appeared in one of jazz promoter Norman Granz’s concerts at Carnegie Hall, New York City. He had four siblings. Oscar Peterson Biography by Scott Yanow + Follow Artist. For many years his piano studies included four to six hours of daily practice. In 1974 he added British drummer Martin Drew. Most Popular ★ Boost . He was so impressed that he told the driver to take him to the club so he could meet the pianist. Peterson's own pupils included Skip Beckwith, Carol Britto, Brian Browne, Wray Downe… Oscar Emmanuel Peterson Pianist, Bandleader, Composer, Educator (1925 - 2007) The colored dots show the fastest links . It was in this predominantly black neighborhood that he encountered the jazz culture. Building on Tatum's pianism and aesthetics, Peterson also absorbed Tatum's musical influences, notably from piano concertos by Sergei Rachmaninoff. Under his sister's tutelage, Peterson expanded into classical piano training and broadened his range while mastering the core classical pianism from scales to preludes and fugues by Johann Sebastian Bach.[33]. Rachmaninoff's harmonizations, as well as direct quotations from his 2nd Piano Concerto, are scattered throughout many recordings by Peterson, including his work with the most familiar formulation of the Oscar Peterson Trio, with bassist Ray Brown and guitarist Herb Ellis. Content. Their complex yet swinging arrangements were competitive -- Ellis and Brown were always trying to outwit and push the pianist -- and consistently exciting. [34], Canadian jazz pianist, bandleader, composer, For the U.S. Navy sailor and Medal of Honor recipient, see. In 1949 he introduced Peterson in New York City at a Jazz at the Philharmonic concert at Carnegie Hall. According to Chrétien, Peterson declined the job due to ill health related to the stroke. The Peterson-Ellis-Brown trio, which often toured with JATP, was one of jazz's great combos from 1953-1958. The trio performed together until 1970. Granz discovered Peterson in 1949 and soon presented him as a surprise guest at a Jazz at the Philharmonic concert. Oscar Peterson - Biography. Birthday . Oscar Peterson discography and songs: Music profile for Oscar Peterson, born 15 August 1925. [32] Tatum was a model for Peterson's musicianship during the 1940s and 1950s. [6] At the age of five, Peterson began honing his skills on trumpet and piano, but a bout of tuberculosis when he was seven prevented him from playing the trumpet again, so he directed all his attention to the piano. [31] After his father played a record of Tatum's "Tiger Rag", he was intimidated and disillusioned, quitting the piano for several weeks. A jazz pianist who possessed dazzling, fluid technique and always delivered the musical goods in a powerfully swinging style. His friend, Canadian politician and amateur pianist Bob Rae, said, "a one-handed Oscar was better than just about anyone with two hands."[21]. 67. In 1997 he received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and an International Jazz Hall of Fame Award. Peterson was born in Montreal, Quebec, to immigrants from the West Indies; his father worked as a porter for Canadian Pacific Railway. According to pianist and educator Mark Eisenman, some of Peterson's best playing was as an understated accompanist to singer Ella Fitzgerald and trumpeter Roy Eldridge. Those trio performances find Peterson displaying a love for boogie-woogie, which he would soon discard, and the swing style of Teddy Wilson and Nat King Cole. Oscar Peterson Wiki: Salary, Married, Wedding, Spouse, Family Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, Template:Post-nominals (August 15, 1925 – December 23, 2007) was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer. Albums include Night Train, With The Oscar Peterson Trio #1, and Ben Webster Meets Oscar Peterson. Oscar Peterson studied classical music with Paul de Marky, a Hungarian-born teacher who had studied with an apprentice of the nineteenth-century virtuoso Franz Liszt. Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, CC, CQ, OOnt (August 15, 1925 – December 23, 2007) was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer. Oscar Peterson's birthday and biography. Genres: Jazz, Cool Jazz, Bebop. Oscar Peterson, Soundtrack: Phantom Thread. In his teens he was a member of the Johnny Holmes Orchestra. [9], Peterson also worked in a duo with Sam Jones, Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen, Joe Pass, Irving Ashby,[12] Count Basie,[13] and Herbie Hancock. With associates, he started and headed the Advanced School of Contemporary Music in Toronto for five years during the 1960s, but it closed because touring called him and his associates away, and it did not have government funding. Peterson's talents were quite obvious, and he became a household name in 1952 when he formed a trio with guitarist Barney Kessel and Brown. He continued to tour the U.S. and Europe, though at most one month a year, with rest between concerts. Later versions of the group featured drummers Louis Hayes (1965-1966), Bobby Durham (1967-1970), Ray Price (1970), and bassists Sam Jones (1966-1970) and George Mraz (1970). Pass said in a 1976 interview, "The only guys I've heard who come close to total mastery of their instruments are Art Tatum and Peterson".[17]. Oscar Peterson was a famous jazz pianist who won eight Grammy Awards throughout his long and illustrious career Oscar Peterson - Jazz Pianist, Timeline, Family - Oscar Peterson Biography Home Very effective in small groups, jam sessions, and in accompanying singers, O.P. Short Biography. Oscar Peterson, the famous jazz musician, started his recording career in the mid 40s with records for RCA. Biography: Oscar Peterson. [24][25] He smoked cigarettes and a pipe and often tried to break the habit, but every time he stopped he gained weight. Oscar Peterson continued performing until his health declined in 2007, dying in December that year. A man Duke Ellington once called the " maharajah of the piano." During the same year incoming prime minister Jean Chrétien, his friend and fan, offered him the position of Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario. Never slender, his weight increased to 125 kg (276 lb), hindering his mobility. Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, CC CQ OOnt (August 15, 1925 – December 23, 2007) was a Canadian jazz pianist, virtuoso and composer. In 1958, when Ellis left the band, it was decided that no other guitarist could fill in so well, and he was replaced (after a brief stint by Gene Gammage) by drummer Ed Thigpen. Montreal, Canada. This biography of Oscar Peterson provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline. [28][29] He published jazz piano etudes for practice. Very effective in small groups, jam sessions, and in accompanying singers, O.P. [20], Although he recovered some dexterity in his left hand, his piano playing was diminished, and his style had relied principally on his right hand. [9] Brown and Thigpen worked with Peterson on his albums Night Train and Canadiana Suite. Krentz Ratings: 1951 (1951), 7/10 Pastel Moods (1952), 5.5/10 Recital (1954), 6/10 His technique was quite brilliant even at that early stage, and although he had not yet been touched by the influence of bop, he was already a very impressive player. His original style did not fall into any specific idiom. A jazz pianist who possessed dazzling, fluid technique and always delivered the musical goods in a powerfully swinging style. Classical Foundations Peterson was born in Montreal, Quebec, to immigrants from the West Indies; his father worked as a porter for Canadian Pacific Railway. [15] Their last recording, On the Town with the Oscar Peterson Trio, recorded live at the Town Tavern in Toronto, captured a remarkable degree of emotional as well as musical understanding between three players.[16]. Peterson was open to experimental collaborations with jazz musicians such as saxophonist Ben Webster, trumpeter Clark Terry, and vibraphonist Milt Jackson. [22][23], Peterson was married four times. A guide to Oscar Peterson: biography, discography, reviews, ratings. In 2007 his health declined. [11], In 1950 Peterson worked in a duo with double bassist Ray Brown. He was associated with Granz for most of the rest of his career, touring Tatum and Peterson became good friends, although Peterson was always shy about being compared with Tatum and rarely played the piano in Tatum's presence. He loved to cook and remained large throughout his life. Oscar Peterson’s career actually started off radically different from where it eventually led, beginning firmly in the classics: Beethoven, Bach, and all those endless technical finger exercises, under the tutelage of Hungarian classical pianist Paul deMarky. Shortly afterward Smith was replaced by guitarist Irving Ashby, who had been a member of the Nat King Cole Trio. Originally from Montreal, Quebec, Peterson is said to be one of the most technically brilliant and melodically inventive jazz pianists of … by his friends. Their album The Trio won the 1974 Grammy Award for Best Jazz Performance by a Group. His solo recordings were rare until Exclusively for My Friends (MPS), a series of albums that were his response to pianists such as Bill Evans and McCoy Tyner. In contrast to the earlier group, the Peterson-Brown-Thigpen trio (which lasted until 1965) found the pianist easily the dominant soloist. August 15, 1925 (age 82) Birthplace . The trio remained together from 1953 to 1958, often touring with Jazz at the Philharmonic. "Tatum scared me to death," he said, and was "never cocky again" about his ability at the piano. Jazz pianist and composer Oscar Petersonwas born to immigrant West Indian parents in Montreal, Canada on the 15 August 1925. was at his absolute best when performing unaccompanied solos. [18] In the 1980s he played in a duo with pianist Herbie Hancock. On April 22, 1978, Peterson performed in the interval act for the Eurovision Song Contest 1978 that was broadcast live from the Palais des congrès de Paris. A pianist with phenomenal technique on the level of his idol, Art Tatum, Peterson's speed, dexterity, and ability to swing at any tempo were amazing. Then Herb Ellis stepped in after Kessel grew weary of touring. He was called the "Maharaja of the keyboard" by Duke Ellington, simply "O.P." [10], In a cab on the way to the Montreal airport, Norman Granz heard a radio program broadcasting from a local club. Kessel tired of the road and was replaced by Herb Ellis the following year. In the documentary video Music in the Key of Oscar, Peterson tells how Granz stood up to a gun-toting southern policeman who wanted to stop the trio from using "whites-only" taxis. Although the school was closed after only three years due to the demands of Peterson’s performance schedule, it drew jazz students from cities throughout North America. He was called the "Maharaja of the keyboard" by Duke Ellington, but simply "O.P." Oscar Peterson was one of the greatest piano players of all time. His father, Daniel Peterson… In the early 1950s, he began performing with Brown and drummer Charlie Smith as the Oscar Peterson Trio. In 1993 a stroke weakened his left side and removed him from work for two years. From 1945-1949, he recorded 32 selections for Victor in Montreal. In the 1970s Peterson formed a trio with guitarist Joe Pass and bassist Niels-Henning Ørsted Pedersen. Complete Oscar Peterson 2017 Biography. [1][2] He released over 200 recordings, won eight Grammy Awards, and received numerous other awards and honours. During this time he made also numerous recordings for various labels. Peterson operated the Advanced School of Contemporary Music in Toronto from 1960 to 1962 with Nimmons, Ray Brown and Ed Thigpen. A pianist with phenomenal technique on the level of his idol, Art Tatum, Peterson's speed, dexterity, and ability to swing at any tempo were amazing. [9] By the time he was in his 20s, he had developed a reputation as a technically brilliant and melodically inventive pianist. In 1961, the Peterson trio with Jackson recorded the album Very Tall. He began learning trumpet and piano from his father at the age of five, but by the age of seven, after a bout of tuberculosis, he concentrated on the piano. Peterson grew up in the neighbourhood of Little Burgundy in Montreal. The legacy of jazz pianist and composer Oscar Peterson is chronicled in this riveting documentary spanning five decades of Peterson's unforgettable music. In the fall of 1970, Peterson's trio released the album Tristeza on Piano. Oscar Peterson's career as a jazz pianist has spanned over five decades. His father, Daniel Peterson, an amateur trumpeter and pianist, was one of his first music teachers, and his sister Daisy taught him classical piano. During that time, he has recorded nearly 90 albums, won seven Grammys, and earned lifetime achievement awards from the Black Theatre Workshop, the Peabody Conservatory of … Pianist #48933. He is considered one of the greatest jazz pianists,[3] and played thousands of concerts worldwide in a career lasting more than 60 years. Biography Oscar Emmanuel Peterson (15 August 1925 – 23 December 2007) was a Canadian jazz pianist, vocalist and composer. was at his absolute best when performing unaccompanied solos. As with Johnny Hodges and Thelonious Monk, to name two, Peterson spent his career growing within his style rather than making any major changes once his approach was set, certainly an acceptable way to handle one's career. Oscar Peterson, whose dazzling piano playing made him one of the most popular jazz artists in history, died on Sunday night at his home in Mississauga, Ontario, outside Toronto. [27] Later, he mentored the York University jazz program and was the Chancellor of the university for several years in the early 1990s. Not all are essential, and a few are routine, but the great majority are quite excellent, and there are dozens of classics. [7], At the age of nine Peterson played piano with a degree of control that impressed professional musicians. Oscar Emmanuel Peterson, CC, CQ, OOnt (August 15, 1925 – December 23, 2007) was a Canadian jazz pianist and composer. Oscar Peterson, Canadian jazz pianist best known for his dazzling solo technique. During the 1960s and 1970s Peterson made numerous trio recordings highlighting his piano performances; they reveal more of his eclectic style, absorbing influences from various genres of jazz, popular, and classical music. 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